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Opinion
School Closings
Academy at Rensselaer Education Ctr: Delayed 2 HrsAchievements & Kids Express Mplwood: Delayed 2 Hrs, no before careAchievements St Kateri Tekakwitha: Delayed 2 HrsAmsterdam City SD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-K, No AM BOCES, No BreakfastArgyle CSD: Delayed 2 HrsAugustine Classical Academy: ClosedAverill Park CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCESBallston Spa CSD: Delayed 2 HrsBerlin CSD: Delayed 2 HrsBerne-Knox-Westerlo CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-K, No AM BOCESBest Fitness (Albany): Delayed, No Evening Classes, All Classes Cancelled, Club Open All GX and Spinning classes canceledBest Fitness (Schenectady): Delayed, No Evening Classes, All Classes Cancelled, Club Open All GX and Spinning classes canceledBethlehem CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCESBroadalbin-Perth CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-K, No AM BOCES, No Breakfast, No PTECH, AgTECH, TEC-SMARTBrown School: Delayed 2 Hrs, No Morning PLUS ProgramBrunswick (Brittonkill) CSD: Delayed 2 HrsBrunswick Children's Academy: Delayed 2 HrsBurnt Hills-Ballston Lake CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCES, 2-hour delay (final)Cairo-Durham CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-K, No AM BOCESCanajoharie CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-K, No AM BOCESCapital Reg Career & Tech (Albany): Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCESCatholic Central HS: Delayed 2 HrsCatskill CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-KChatham CSD: Delayed 2 HrsChatham Kids Club: Delayed 2 Hrs, Open at 8:30Circle Of Friends (Delmar): Delayed 2 Hrs, Wrap around delayed 2 hoursCobleskill-Richmondville CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-K, No AM BOCES, Offices open at 9 a.m.Cohoes City SD: Delayed 2 HrsColonie Youth Centers: Open, No BSPCorinth CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No BreakfastCoxsackie-Athens CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCES, No BreakfastCrossroads Center for Children: Delayed 2 Hrs, Day Care open @ 9:00Doane Stuart School: Delayed 2 HrsDolgeville CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCES, No BreakfastDuanesburg CSD: Delayed 2 HrsEarly Childhood Education Center: Delayed 2 HrsEarly Childhood Education Ctr-Troy: Delayed 2 HrsEast Greenbush CSD: Delayed 2 HrsEdinburg Common SD: Delayed 2 HrsFaith Bible Academy: Delayed 2 HrsFirst Friends Nursery School: Delayed, No AM Program, Enrichment program begins at 1130amFonda-Fultonville CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCESFort Plain CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCES, Elem recognition breakfast moved to ThursdayFranklin County Technical SD: Delayed 2 HrsFulton-Montgomery CC: Delayed 2 Hrs, Campus will open at 10 am.Gabriel Abbott Memorial School: Delayed 2 Hrs, No morning daycareGalway CSD: Delayed 2 HrsGeorge Washington School: Delayed 2 HrsGermantown CSD: Delayed 2 HrsGloversville City SD: Delayed 2 HrsGrapeville Christian School: Delayed 2 HrsGreen Island UFSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No BreakfastGreenbush Child Caring: Open, No AM ProgramGreene County YMCA: Open, No Morning ClassesGreenfield Public Schools: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-KGreenville CSD: Delayed 2 HrsGreenwich CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCESGuilderland CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCESHFM Career & Tech Center: Delayed 2 HrsHadley-Luzerne CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-K, No AM BOCES, No BreakfastHappy Kids Day Care Center: Delayed 2 HrsHawthorne Valley School: Delayed 2 HrsHelping Hands Pre-School: Delayed, No Morning ClassesHoosick Falls CSD: Delayed 2 HrsHunter-Tannersville CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCESIchabod Crane (Kinderhook) CSD: Delayed 2 HrsJohnstown City SD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-K, No AM BOCESKid Kampus: Delayed 2 Hrs, Opening at 8:30AMKim's Kids Daycare: Delayed 2 Hrs, No BreakfastKingston City SD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCES, Kingston SD is on a 2 hr delay no AM BOCESLa Salle Institute (Troy): Delayed 2 HrsLansingburgh CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No Breakfast, Lansingburgh CSD is operating on a 2 hour delayLiberty Ent/ Montgomery Co. ARC: Delayed 2 HrsLife Kids Before/ After School: Open, No AM ProgramLil' Lambs Christian Daycare Inc.: Delayed 2 HrsLittle Feet Daycare Center: Delayed 2 HrsLiving Res DCOP (Albany): Delayed 1 HrLiving Res DCOP (Rensselaer): Delayed 1 HrLiving Res DCOP (Saratoga): Delayed 1 HrLiving Res DCOP (Schenectady): Delayed 1 HrMalta Montessori School: Delayed 2 Hrs, No Toddler Class, No Toddler ClassMargaretville CSD: Delayed 2 HrsMayfield CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-K, No AM BOCES, No BreakfastMechanicville City SD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No BreakfastMenands UFSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No BreakfastMiddleburgh CSD: ClosedMohawk Trail Regional SD: Delayed 2 HrsMohonasen CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCESMorning Star Learning Center: Delayed 2 Hrs, stay tuned, be safeMother Teresa Academy: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pgm, No am nursery program, School opens at 9:45amMt Moriah Academy: Delayed 2 HrsMyers Education Center: Delayed 2 HrsN. Greenbush Little Red School: Delayed 2 HrsNew Lebanon CSD: Delayed 2 HrsNew Paltz CSD: Delayed 2 HrsNiskayuna CSD: Delayed 2 HrsNorth Colonie CSD: Delayed 2 HrsNorthville CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-K, No AM BOCES, No BreakfastNotre Dame-Bishop Gibbons: Delayed 2 HrsOak Hill School: Delayed 2 HrsOnteora CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCESOppenheim-Ephratah-St Johnsville SD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCESOur Savior's Lutheran School: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM K, No AM Pre-SchoolPine Plains CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCESPumpkin Patch (Albany): Delayed 2 HrsQueensbury UFSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCESQuestar III BOCES - Sarah's Sisters: Delayed 2 HrsQuestar III Catskill Academy: Delayed 2 HrsQuestar III Rensselaer Edu Ctr: Delayed 2 Hrs, Q3 New Vision is closedRavena-Coeymans-Selkirk CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-K, No AM BOCESRed Hook CSD: Delayed 2 HrsRensselaer City SD: Delayed 2 HrsRhinebeck CSD: Delayed 2 HrsRiverRun Community Montessori: ClosedRosa Venerini Early Childhood Cente: Delayed 4 Hrs, No AM Pgm, No am classes or beforecare School opens at 11amRoxbury CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM K, RCS is now delayed 2 hrs - roads are in worse shape then expected. Stay off the side roads until treated , drive carefully today January 18Salem CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-K, No AM BOCES, No BreakfastSaratoga Academy Arts & Science: Delayed 2 HrsSaratoga Bridges: Delayed 1 HrSaratoga Central Catholic HS: Delayed 2 HrsSaratoga Springs City SD: Delayed 2 HrsSaugerties CSD: Delayed 2 HrsSchalmont CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCES, No BreakfastSchenectady City SD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-KSchodack CSD: Delayed 2 HrsSchoharie CSD: ClosedSchoharie Career and Technical Scho: ClosedSchoharie County ARC: Open, Buses on Snow Routes, Staff report regular time Public bus aides report regular timeSchoharie Cty Child Dvp Cobleskill: Closed, No AM Pre-K, No AM Head Start, HS & EHS closedSchoharie Cty HeadStart (Schoharie): Closed, HS & EHS closedSchuylerville CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCES, No BreakfastScotia-Glenville CSD: Delayed 2 HrsSharon Springs CSD: Delayed 2 HrsShenendehowa CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM K, No AM BOCESSouth Colonie CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-K, No AM BOCESSouth Glens Falls CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-K, No AM BOCESSouthern Adirondack Edu Ctr: Delayed 2 HrsSpa Christian School: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM K, No AM Pre-KSt Ambrose School: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM PgmSt Clement's Regional Catholic Sch: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-K, No AM Pre-SchoolSt George's School: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-School, AEP will begin at 11 amSt Gregory School: ClosedSt Jude the Apostle School: Delayed 2 HrsSt Mary's Academy (Hoosick Falls): Delayed 2 HrsSt Mary's Institute ES (Amsterdam): Delayed 2 HrsSt Mary's School (Ballston Spa): Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-School, Before Care open at 8:00 amSt Mary's School (Waterford): Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-KSt Mary's-St Alphonsus Rgnl Cath: Delayed 2 Hrs, No Pre-K No AM Camp KerrySt Mary's/St Alphonsus Noah's Ark: Delayed 2 Hrs, Open at 9:45St Pius X School: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-KSt Thomas the Apostle School: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-KStepping Stone Pre & DCC (Albany): Delayed 2 HrsStillwater CSD: Delayed 2 HrsSullivan BOCES: Delayed 2 Hrs, The Adult Program and Offices will open at 10 amSunshine Kids Corner: Delayed 2 Hrs, Opening at 9AMTLC Christian Day Care: Delayed 2 Hrs, No BreakfastTaconic Hills CSD: Delayed 2 HrsTech Valley High School: Closed, Staff report at 10 AM.The Albany Academies (AA & AAG): ClosedThe Beagle School: Delayed, No AM Pre-K, No AM Pre-School, All AM programs closedTroy City SD: Delayed 2 HrsTroy Prep: Delayed 2 HrsUMC Daycare Norton Hill: Delayed 1 Hr, No AM Pre-KUnlimited Potential, Inc: Delayed 1 HrVoorheesville CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM BOCES, No BreakfastWaldorf School (Saratoga Springs): Delayed 2 HrsWaterford-Halfmoon UFSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No BreakfastWatervliet City SD: Delayed 2 HrsWebutuck (Northeast) CSD: Delayed 2 HrsWest Canada Valley CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-K, No AM BOCESWheelerville UFSD: Delayed 2 HrsWhispering Pines (Cobleskill): Delayed 2 HrsWhispering Pines - Schoharie UPK: ClosedWhispering Pines Pre Sc (Amsterdam): Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-KWhispering Pines Pre-sch (Delanson): Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-KWhispering Pines Presch - Boulevard: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-KWhispering Pines Preschool at Meco: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-KWindham-Ashland-Jewett CSD: Delayed 2 HrsWorcester CSD: Delayed 2 Hrs, No AM Pre-KWynantskill UFSD: Delayed 2 HrsYMCA (East Greenbush): Open, No Morning Classes, Child Watch opens at 9am, Before School Care 6:45am

Mass killers may see others as not real

Mass killers may see others as not real

The FBI and others have profiled shooters. These profiles provide some common denominators, telling

No explanation of who Adam Lanza was, what influences shaped him, what resentments drove him or what psychiatric diagnoses fit him will ever satisfactorily explain why he shot 27 children and women.

The FBI and others have profiled shooters. These profiles provide some common denominators, telling us something about who — but little about why. The “why” may lie in mass shooters’ inability to connect to others.

The profiles say that shooters are almost always men, mostly young. They are very angry, usually about some injustice they believe they have suffered. They hold these grievances dear, so dear they have been called “grievance collectors.” They incubate their resentment in a festering stew of self-righteous indignation until that stew explodes in a spasm of violence.

Unable to engage

They are loners, awkward and socially unskilled, lacking the capacity to engage with others in the more productive ways that healthier people use to work out their grievances. They are paranoid and blaming, projecting their anger and resentments outward onto others.

Through a fantastic twist of thinking, they seem to believe that through their massive acts of destruction the world will come to appreciate how deeply wronged, injured and alienated they were. At the very least, they will leave their mark on a world that was otherwise unlikely to even notice them.

Many have qualified for the diagnosis of a severe mental illness, but even more have not.

Of course, they are also suicidal. These are almost all acts of suicide with intentionally massive collateral damage.

Neglected elements

I suggest that other neglected elements in the profile are the interconnected concepts of “theory of mind” and mentalization. “Theory of mind” refers to the ability to imagine (theorize) and appreciate the mental states of others. Mentalization is the actual psychological process through which we experience others as having thoughts and feelings that are separate from our own.

Theory of mind and mentalization is what allows us to experience others as real human beings with passions and sorrows, dreams and disappointments, and to empathize. These capacities shape our attachments, forge our connectedness and bind us together. They are the glue of the group, the building blocks of community. Without them we see others as less real.

In the absence of theory of mind, we have solipsism, a stance that argues that our own thoughts and feelings are the only things that are real. In this extreme, others are merely the cardboard props that support our needs. They can be discarded at will. Without mentalization and empathy, we are morally disinhibited. The less real the life of another, the easier it is to take.

We can only speculate about the influences that shape the disconnected among us. There may well be some heritable genetic predisposition to mentalize and empathize. Undoubtedly that predisposition is enhanced by positive experience and diminished by trauma and neglect. The objectification of others in violent video games and movies, the social isolation and diminution of face-to-face time in our Internet and social media-driven world and shortened attention spans and expectations of instant gratification may all play a role.

This is all speculation. For every paranoid, grievance-collecting loner who has spent an isolated youth lost on the Internet or in video games and who is capable of mass murder, there are thousands who could never pick up a gun.

Devloping capacity

Perhaps it is the sense of connectedness born of the capacity to mentalize and empathize with others that distinguishes those who might shoot from those who could not. The good news here is that we have workable hypotheses about how some people come to mentalize well while others do not. Connectedness to others is something we can observe. The capacity to mentalize and empathize is something we can measure. We can encourage this capacity and even teach it, starting early in life.

Adam Lanza saw those terrified children and adults before him as mere cardboard targets for his rage. If he had been able to see them as real people with their own hopes and dreams, would he have been able to pull the trigger?

Harold I. Schwartz is psychiatrist-in-chief and vice president of behavioral health at the Institute of Living/Hartford Hospital in Connecticut.

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