Police departments can use proactive or reactive strategies when enforcing the law.
A proactive police department monitors 9-1-1 calls and places officers in places where there are the greatest number of calls. Officers then stop and interview people they think might do harm. The officers also enforce quality-of-life rules.
The Department of Justice (DOJ) monitors some proactive police departments to assure that the civil rights of those stopped and interviewed are preserved.
Acting under the supervision of the DOJ, they then become reactive police departments. They no longer “occupy neighborhoods,” as some would say. They wait for the 9-1-1 call and then respond in force after a crime is committed. A lot of people are murdered, raped, robbed and beaten under that strategy, but they don’t get tallied on the DOJ’s scorecard.
A police officer is paid the same under both strategies and is a lot safer under the latter.
Joseph J. Hehir